THE ARCADIES OF THE MARKET PLACE
In a document dated 1439, the presence of a “market” is identified near the ancient parish church of Incino.
It is therefore likely that, in the vicinity of the religious building, there was, at that time, a large space intended for the parking of animals, wagons and merchandise, as well as collective land intended for commercial exchanges.
The heart of the old market has remained near the church of Santa Eufemia and today’s arcades are what remains of the ancient covered market, that is the area that, in the past, was used to house animals and various merchandise.
The first construction of the arcades and the arrangement of the square dates back to 1790 when, some herbese landowners, obtained from the government the authorization to sell municipal goods, perhaps the ancient vineyard of common property, and use the proceeds of the sale for a more suitable for the new needs of the square. Subsequently, the arcades were modified in 1827/28 with a project by engineer Corti di Pomerio, who took up the design of the ancient Brianza arcades, used for the display and sale of various goods and even livestock.
Outside the arcades the rings that were used to tie the animals are still visible today, thus showing probable patrons their wares. Then as now, the market was held weekly every Thursday morning and sellers came from all over from Brianza.
In a list compiled in 1864, there were 86 sellers, of which only three were from Incino; the largest number of stalls consisted of thirty vendors of cloths, cottons and the like, followed by thirteen vendors of grain. There were twelve food stalls, as far as cheese and butter were concerned, while there were eight fruit vendors as well as shoemakers, and clogs reached the number of nine stalls. Finally, five yellow flour sellers and five lenders also exhibited their wares.
The small number (one or two) of sellers of hats, leather and baskets concluded the list of street vendors.
The Incino Market was also famous, before the establishment of the livestock fair, for the retail sale by various traders of products useful to poor people, housewives and peasants who at the market found a wide choice of food and objects of common use.
When the cattle fairs were established in 1869, the wholesale business suffered a considerable decline in the market, but the small purchases of objects and products of daily use which, at times, provided the same turnover, certainly did not lose importance. business reserved for the buying and selling of livestock.
In the City Council of 9 October 1868 it was noted that: “… the weekly public market, which has been in operation for many years, can be said to be one of the main markets of the Province, due to the large and spacious square covered in special live arcades for the convenience of shopkeepers”.
It is singular to underline the liveliness of the square which, as yesterday was full of wagons, carts, pedestrians and picturesque voices of sellers, today continues to be an important meeting point and a characteristic weekly call for both the citizens of Erba and the inhabitants. of neighboring countries.